Linux CD Mastering - Environment Setup
Configuring Windows and VmWare
If you have followed the recommendations for this example, you have a Windows XP (or 2000) machine with VmWare Workstation installed. To simplify the build operation, we are going to create a shared Windows directory that we can mount under Linux. Create a directory on the C: drive under Windows, name it c:\mylinux. Right click on that directory, select "Sharing and security" (your menu option may be named differently). This will open a dialog box, check the checkbox labeled "Share this folder on the network" and give it the name "mylinux". Make sure to check the checkbox titled "Allow network users to change my files" or Linux will not be able to write to it once it is mounted. We will use this share later to copy our new Linux ISO image from the CD Mastering envirnoment up to our "Host Operating System". This directory is also a handy place to copy the Knoppix ISO that you downloaded earlier.

Start VmWare (usually from an icon on your desktop)

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Click the "New Virtual Machine" icon or select "New Virtual Machine" off of the File menu and follow the wizard instructions. When you are asked to pick the "Virtual machine configuration", choose "Custom".

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When prompted to "Select a Guest Operating System", choose "Linux" and select "Other Linux 2.4.x kernel" from the dropdown.

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When prompted to "Name the Virtual Machine", you may choose any name that you like. One observation that we'd like to share with you may help reduce the number of problems that you run into. When we configured the VmWare machine in a directory other than it's default location, we occassionally received errors, so leaving the location alone may be a good idea.

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When setting the memory configuration, the more memory you can allocate, the better the performance will be.

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When selecting the "Network Type", we used "bridged networking".

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When selecting the "I/O Adapter Types", we used "SCSI Buslogic".

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When asked to "Select a Disk", choose "Create a new virtual disk".

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When asked to "Select a Disk Type", choose "SCSI".

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When prompted to "Specify Disk Capacity", set the Disk Size to 8 (GB). This disk will hold the unpacked CD-ROM image, the mastering environment, and the new ISO image, so make sure that you don't skimp on this one. If you do, you will need re-create your virtual machine with larger disks later.

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When prompted to "Specify Disk File", you may choose any name you want (but we recommend leaving the location alone), click "Finish" to complete the setup of your new virtual machine.

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You will be returned to the main VmWare screen with your new "Virtual Machine" profile open.

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Now, we want to set this new virtual machine to boot from the Knoppix ISO image that you downloaded earlier. To do that, double click the CD-ROM Device in the right window pane. Click the "Browse" button to locate and select your Knoppix ISO image file.

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Your VmWare Virtual Linux Machine is ready to boot, you may start it by clicking the Green Arrow on the toolbar just under the menu. A VmWare loading screen will appear briefly, followed by the Knoppix boot screen.

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After you see the Knoppix boot screen, click inside the window and press the ENTER key to continue booting. A screen similar to the following should be displayed as Knoppix begins to boot.

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By default, Knoppix automatically detects and configures recognized hardware devices, and if possible, loads X-Windows and KDE. If all goes well, you should see the following screen.

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If you do not see the following screen or Knoppix didn't load properly, you may want to try again. If you are unsuccessful at this point, you probably have a corrupt ISO image and will need to download it again. At this point, you are logged in as user "knoppix". You can poke around for a while if you wish. When you are ready to continue, shut knoppix down by opening a terminal window, typing "su", and then "shutdown -h -f 0". Follow the onscreen instructions and it should shut down and return to VmWare. If at anytime you have trouble, you may simply escape back to VmWare by pressing control-alt, and then just power off the virtual machine by clicking the red square icon just underneath the VmWare window. Since this machine was booted from an ISO, you cannot corrupt it by just powering it off. You should also keep in mind that any changes that you make while running the ISO are not saved by default, you will have to perform extra steps to save anything. We will cover this in more detail later.

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